On June 24, 2002, President Bush set forth the conditions that the Palestinian Arabs must fulfill in order to merit U.S. support for the creation of a Palestinian Arab state. Among the major obligations are that the Palestinian Arabs must dismantle the terrorist infrastructure, end incitement, elect new leaders not compromised by terror, and unequivocally embrace democracy and free market economics. None of those conditions were fulfilled.
In March 2003, Yasir Arafat chose Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen), the number two man in the PLO since the 1960s, as the new prime minister of the Palestinian Authority. Mazen took office on April 29, 2003. Less than a day later, the Bush administration unveiled its Road Map plan, which set forth conditions that the Palestinian Arabs must fulfill prior to the creation of a Palestinian Arab state.
The Road Map stipulates that the Palestinian Arabs are required to undertake concrete steps to combat terrorist groups and democratize Palestinian Arab society. Those obligations, which are quoted below, were supposed to have been fulfilled during Phase 1 of the Road Map, which concluded at the end of May 2003, but they were not.
This report analyzes Palestinian Arab violations of those obligations during the 10th week following the unveiling of the Road Map plan, July 1 – July 7, 2003.
I. Cease All Violence
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map states: In Phase 1 [May 2003], the Palestinians immediately undertake an unconditional cessation of violence. They did not do so. On June 29, 2003, Hamas, Islamic Jihad, and Fatah issued statements saying that they would suspend attacks on Israelis for a period of 90 days if Israel ceases all counter-terror operations and releases all imprisoned terrorists.
What They Did During Week #10: During week #10, July 1 – July 7, 2003, there were at least 29 terrorist attacks or attempted attacks, in which 1 person was murdered and 11 were wounded.
(During the first 10 weeks since Abu Mazen became prime minister and the Road Map was published, there have been a total of 304 Palestinian Arab terrorist attacks or attempted attacks, in which 50 people were murdered and 315 wounded.)
July 1: Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers near Tulkarm Two shooting attacks on Israeli Army outposts in Gaza Shooting attack on an Israeli Army patrol in Gaza.
July 2: Shooting attack on an Israeli workers near Avnei Heifetz; one wounded Bomb attack near Alfei Menashe Shooting attack on an Israeli Army outpost in Neve Dekalim Shooting attack on an Israeli Army outpost near Jenin Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers near Shechem (Nablus) Bomb attack on Israeli Border police forces near the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron Mortar rocket fired at the town of Gadid Mortar attack on Kfar Darom; three people wounded Second mortar attack on Kfar Darom; four people wounded.
July 3: Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers in Gaza Mortar rocket fired at an Israeli tank near Ganei Tal Mortar rocket fired at Israeli soldiers near Neve Dekalim.
July 4: Shooting attack on an Israeli truck near Alfei Menashe.
July 5: Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers near Ganei Tal Mortar rockets and an anti-tank missile fired at a Jewish neighborhood in Gaza Grenades thrown at Israeli soldiers near Rafah Bomb attack on Israeli soldiers near the Sufa crossing Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers near Kadim.
July 6: Mortar rocket fired at Gush Katif.
July 7: Suicide bombing at Moshav Kfar Yavetz; one murdered, three wounded Shooting attack on an Israeli car near Kadim Firebomb attack on Israeli motorists in the western Binyamin region Attack on Israeli motorists on the Gush-Etzion highway Shooting attack on workers north of Kalkilye Eleven grenades thrown at Israeli soldiers near the Israel-Egypt border.
II. Call for Recognizing Israel and Ending Violence
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to issue an unequivocal statement reiterating Israels right to exist in peace and security and calling for an immediate and unconditional cease-fire to end armed activity and all acts of violence against Israelis anywhere.
What They Did During Week #10: No such statement was issued. On June 4, speaking at the Aqaba summit, Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen) did say we repeat our renunciation of terrorism against the Israelis wherever they might be. But PA Minister of Information Nabil Amr said (Doha Al-Jazira Television, June 14, 2003): As regards the word terrorism, I do not know why when the Palestinians denounce the word terrorism, certain people think that this means resistance. There is no text anywhere that says that the Palestinian peoples resistance is terrorism, which we denounce Yes, we denounce terrorism. Anyone who says that denouncing terrorism means denouncing resistance is doing an injustice to legitimate resistance and is in effect labeling it with terrorism.
III. Arrest, Disrupt, and Restrain Terrorists
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to undertake visible efforts on the ground to arrest, disrupt and restrain individuals and groups conducting and planning violent attacks on Israelis anywhere.
What They Did During Week #10: The chief of Israeli Military Intelligence, Major General Aharon Zeevi Farkash, told Israel Radio (July 6, 2003) that while the PA detained some terrorists suspected of attacking Israeli targets in the Gaza Strip since the PA took security responsibility in the Gaza Strip that they released the terrorists after talking with them. (Translation courtesy of IMRA)
On July 5, the PA reportedly arrested nine terrorists who had been firing mortar rockets at Israel. On July 7, the New York Times reported that two of the nine had already been released; on July 8, the New York Times reported that the remaining seven have also been released.
On July 6, the PA claimed it had arrested a would-be suicide bomber in the Gaza Strip, and that she had left behind a note describing her intention to carry out a terrorist attack. But now the New York Times reported on July 8 that, in fact, the bomber was actually a distraught, unarmed teenage girl who left behind a note describing her troubles with her family and had then run off We found her crying, a Palestinian Preventive Security official said. She was sitting there and crying. He said security officers had questioned the woman, who was not carrying an explosive, and then released her.
IV. Confiscate Terrorists Weapons
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to commence confiscation of illegal weapons.
What They Did During Week #10: There were no reports of the PA seizing any terrorists weapons. Moreover, Haaretz reported on July 7 that Hamas continues to manufacture Kassam rockets under cover of the cease-fire, senior intelligence officials revealed, and the PA has taken no steps to confiscate those rockets or halt the production of new ones.
V. Dismantle the Terrorist Infrastructure
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to carry out the dismantlement of terrorist capabilities and infrastructure.
What They Did During Week #10: The PA did not outlaw Hamas, Islamic Jihad, Fatah, or any other terrorist groups; there were no reports of the PA shutting down any bomb factories or terrorists training camps; the PA continued to ignore Israels 45 requests for the extradition of terrorists; there were no reports of the PLO leadership punishing PLO factions that are engaged in terrorism, such as the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP).
VI. End All Incitement
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map requires that all official Palestinian institutions end incitement against Israel.
What They Did During Week #10: The PAs official newspapers, television, and radio continued to broadcast a steady stream of anti-Israel, anti-American, and pro-violence incitement, and PA officials continued to make inciting statements. In addition, there was no change in the PAs policy of inciting support for terror by publicly praising terrorists, naming streets after them, and paying salaries to imprisoned terrorists and their families.
VII. End Arab States Support for Terror
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map states that during May 2003, Arab states cut off public and private funding and all other forms of support for groups supporting and engaging in violence and terror.
What They Did During Week #10: There were no reports of any Arab states cutting off their support for Palestinian Arab terrorist groups.
VIII. Consolidate Security Forces
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to undertake consolidation of security authority, free of association with terror and corruption; and all Palestinian security organizations are consolidated into three services reporting to an empowered interior minister.
What They Did During Week #10: The Israeli daily Haaretz reported on May 5, 2003, that five different PA security organizations, including Force 17 and the General Intelligence, remain under the direct command of Chairman Yasir Arafat and have not been consolidated under the control of the Interior Minister. Military Intelligence, the National Security Forces, and the naval forces are also under Arafats control. Only the remaining two security agencies are under the Interior Minister. Arafats five are under the control of a newly-created agency, the National Security Council, chaired by Arafat and his close aide Hanni al-Hassan.
IX. Institute Democratic Reforms
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map requires the Palestinian Arabs to undertake a number of steps to transform their brutal, corrupt dictatorial regime into a full-fledged democracy, including action on a credible process to draft constitution for Palestinian statehood; the holding of free, open, and fair elections; and steps to achieve genuine separation of powers, including any necessary Palestinian legal reforms for this purpose.
What They Did During Week #10: No such steps were taken.