On June 24, 2002, President Bush set forth the conditions that the Palestinian Arabs must fulfill in order to merit U.S. support for the creation of a Palestinian Arab state. Among the major obligations are that the Palestinian Arabs must dismantle the terrorist infrastructure, end incitement, elect new leaders not compromised by terror, and unequivocally embrace democracy and free market economics. None of those conditions were fulfilled.
In March 2003, Yasir Arafat chose Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen), the number two man in the PLO since the 1960s, as the new prime minister of the Palestinian Authority. Mazen took office on April 29, 2003. Less than a day later, the Bush administration unveiled its Road Map plan, which set forth conditions that the Palestinian Arabs must fulfill prior to the creation of a Palestinian Arab state.
On September 6, 2003, Abbas resigned; the next day, Arafat named his replacement Ahmed Qurei, speaker of the PAs Legislative Council and number three man in the PLO. On October 6, 2003, Qurei was officially named prime minister of the PA.
The Road Map requires the Palestinian Arabs to undertake concrete steps to combat terrorist groups and democratize Palestinian Arab society. Those obligations, which are quoted below, were supposed to have been fulfilled during Phase 1 of the Road Map, which concluded at the end of May 2003, but they were not.
This report analyzes Palestinian Arab violations of those obligations during the 35th week following the unveiling of the Road Map plan, Dec.22 – Dec.29, 2003.
I. Cease All Violence
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map states: In Phase 1 [May 2003], the Palestinians immediately undertake an unconditional cessation of violence. They did not do so.
What They Did During Week #35: During week #35, Dec.23 – Dec.29, 2003, there were at least 18 terrorist attacks or attempted attacks, in which 6 people were murdered and 28 wounded.
(During the first 35 weeks since the Road Map was issued, there have been a total of at least 886 Palestinian Arab terrorist attacks or attempted attacks, in which 135 people were murdered and 716 wounded.)
December 23: Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers on the Kisufim route into Gaza; two murdered Attack on Israeli Border Policemen in Hebron; one wounded.
December 24: Mortar rocket fired into a home in Nisanit; two people wounded Mortar rockets fired at Neve Dekalim Mortar rockets fired at Gadid Mortar rocket fired at Sderot Grenades and bombs thrown at Israeli soldiers in Rafiah Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers in Tulkarm; one wounded Firebomb attack on Israeli motorists near Kedumim.
December 25: Terrorists intercepted in Gaza on his way to carry out what the government described as a mega-terror attack.
December 26: Suicide bombing in Petach Tikvah; four murdered, 24 wounded.
December 27: Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers in Gaza.
December 28: Shooting attack on an Israeli bus near Neve Dekalim Anti-tank rocket fired at an Israeli Army jeep near the Gaza security fence Mortar rocket fired at Netzarim Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers near Ramallah Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers near Tulkarm.
December 29: Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers in Gaza.
I. Call for Recognizing Israel and Ending Violence
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to issue an unequivocal statement reiterating Israels right to exist in peace and security and calling for an immediate and unconditional cease-fire to end armed activity and all acts of violence against Israelis anywhere.
What They Did During Week #35: No such statement was issued.
III. Arrest, Disrupt, and Restrain Terrorists What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to undertake visible efforts on the ground to arrest, disrupt and restrain individuals and groups conducting and planning violent attacks on Israelis anywhere. What They Did During Week #35: No such steps were taken.
IV. Confiscate Terrorists Weapons
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to commence confiscation of illegal weapons.
What They Did During Week #35: No such steps were taken.
V. Dismantle the Terrorist Infrastructure
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to carry out the dismantlement of terrorist capabilities and infrastructure.
What They Did During Week #35: The PA did not outlaw Hamas, Islamic Jihad, Fatah, or any other terrorist groups; there were no reports of the PA shutting down any bomb factories or terrorists training camps; the PA continued to ignore Israels 45 requests for the extradition of terrorists; there were no reports of the PLO leadership punishing PLO factions that are engaged in terrorism, such as the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP). Prime Minister Ahmed Qurei told the PA-affiliated newspaper Al Ayam on October 7, 2003: We will not confront, we will not go for a civil war.
VI. End All Incitement
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map requires that all official Palestinian institutions end incitement against Israel.
What They Did During Week #35: The PAs official newspapers, television, and radio continued to broadcast a steady stream of anti-Israel, anti-American, and pro-violence incitement, and PA officials continued to make inciting statements. In addition, there was no change in the PAs policy of inciting support for terror by publicly praising terrorists, naming streets after them, and paying salaries to imprisoned terrorists and their families.
For example, on December 25, 2003 the PAs Voice of Palestine Radio reported that the suicide bombing that murdered four Israelis in Petach Tikvah was carried out by a heroic martyr, who died a heroic martyrs death. Likewise, the previous days Voice of Palestine news reports described a terrorist who was killed while preparing a car bomb as having died a heroic martyrs death. (Translation courtesy of Dr. Michael Widlanski of Hebrew University)
VII. End Arab States Support for Terror
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map states that during May 2003, Arab states cut off public and private funding and all other forms of support for groups supporting and engaging in violence and terror.
What They Did During Week #35: There were no reports of any Arab states cutting off their support for Palestinian Arab terrorist groups.
VIII. Consolidate Security Forces
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to undertake consolidation of security authority, free of association with terror and corruption; and all Palestinian security organizations are consolidated into three services reporting to an empowered interior minister.
What They Did During Week #35: Five different PA security organizations, including Force 17 and the General Intelligence, remain under Arafats direct command. Military Intelligence, the National Security Forces, and the naval forces are also under Arafats control. Only the remaining two security agencies are under the Interior Minister.
IX. Institute Democratic Reforms
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map requires the Palestinian Arabs to undertake a number of steps to transform their brutal, corrupt dictatorial regime into a full-fledged democracy, including action on a credible process to draft constitution for Palestinian statehood; the holding of free, open, and fair elections; and steps to achieve genuine separation of powers, including any necessary Palestinian legal reforms for this purpose.
What They Did During Week #35: No such steps were taken.