On June 24, 2002, President Bush set forth the conditions that the Palestinian Arabs must fulfill in order to merit U.S. support for the creation of a Palestinian Arab state. Among the major obligations are that the Palestinian Arabs must dismantle the terrorist infrastructure, end incitement, elect new leaders not compromised by terror, and unequivocally embrace democracy and free market economics. None of those conditions were fulfilled.
On April 30, 2003, the Bush administration unveiled its Road Map plan, which set forth conditions that the Palestinian Arabs must fulfill prior to the creation of a Palestinian Arab state. The Road Map requires the Palestinian Arabs to undertake concrete steps to combat terrorist groups and democratize Palestinian Arab society. Those obligations, which are quoted below, were supposed to have been fulfilled during Phase 1 of the Road Map, which concluded at the end of May 2003, but they were not.
This report analyzes Palestinian Arab violations of those obligations during the 62nd week following the unveiling of the Road Map plan, June 29 – July 5, 2004.
I. Cease All Violence
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map states: In Phase 1 [May 2003], the Palestinians immediately undertake an unconditional cessation of violence. They did not do so.
What They Did During Week #61: During week #62, June 29 – July 5, 2004, there were at least 25 terrorist attacks or attempted attacks, in which two people were murdered and 14 were wounded. (During the first 62 weeks since the Road Map was issued, there have been a total of at least 1,367 Palestinian Arab terrorist attacks or attempted attacks, in which 203 people were murdered and 982 wounded.) The PA’s official Ã´Palestine Media CenterÃ¶ reported on January 15, 2004 that PA Foreign Minister Nabil Sha’ath (see www.palestine-pmc.com/details.asp?cat=1&id=1177) said the PA is capable to stop all anti-Israeli attacks provided the Israelis reciprocate in kind. In fact, the Road Map requires the PA to stop all attacks regardless of Israeli reciprocation. Despite that requirement, attacks continued:
June 29: Three rocket attacks on Sderot; three people wounded Israeli truck driver shot to death near Ramallah Grenade attack on Israeli soldiers in Gaza.
June 30: Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers in Gaza.
July 1: Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers in Gaza.
July 2: Suicide bombers intercepted in Ramallah Terrorists intercepted on their way to an attack on Netzarim Terrorist intercepted on their way to an attack on Israeli soldiers in Beit Hanoun Rockets fired at Israeli soldiers in Gaza.
July 3: Rockets fired at Sderot; nine wounded.
July 4: Shooting attack near Mevo Dotan; one murdered, one wounded Shooting attack on Kadim Shooting attack on a bus near Ganim Terrorist intercepted on his way to an attack on Har Bracha Rockets fired at Negev kibbutzim Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers near Rafiah Yam Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers near Morag Firebomb attack on Israeli soldiers in Turmous Aiya, near Shilo Eleven bombs thrown at Israeli soldiers in Shechem (Nablus) Attack on Border Guard policemen near Beit Horon; one wounded Firebomb attack on Israelis near El-Aroub.
July 5: Shooting attack on Israeli soldiers in Gaza.
II. Call for Recognizing Israel and Ending Violence
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to issue an unequivocal statement reiterating Israel’s right to exist in peace and security and calling for an immediate and unconditional cease-fire to end armed activity and all acts of violence against Israelis anywhere.
What They Did During Week #62: No such statement was issued.
III. Arrest, Disrupt, and Restrain Terrorists
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to undertake visible efforts on the ground to arrest, disrupt and restrain individuals and groups conducting and planning violent attacks on Israelis anywhere.
What They Did During Week #62: No such steps were taken.
IV. Confiscate Terrorists’ Weapons
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to commence confiscation of illegal weapons.
What They Did During Week #62: No such steps were taken. Moreover, Sakher Habash, one of the leaders of Arafat’s Fatah movement, said the PA has no intention of confiscating the weapons of the various Palestinian factions, including Hamas and Islamic Jihad. (Jerusalem Post, June 26, 2004)
V. Dismantle the Terrorist Infrastructure
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to carry out the dismantlement of terrorist capabilities and infrastructure.
What They Did During Week #62: The PA did not outlaw Hamas, Islamic Jihad, Fatah, or any other terrorist groups; there were no reports of the PA shutting down any bomb factories or terrorists’ training camps; the PA continued to ignore Israels 45 requests for the extradition of terrorists; there were no reports of the PLO leadership punishing PLO factions that are engaged in terrorism, such as the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP).
VI. End All Incitement
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map requires that all official Palestinian institutions end incitement against Israel.
What They Did During Week #62: The PAs official newspapers, television, and radio continued to broadcast a steady stream of anti-Israel, anti-American, and pro-violence incitement, and PA officials continued to make inciting statements. In addition, there was no change in the PA’s policy of inciting support for terror by publicly praising terrorists, naming streets after them, and paying salaries to imprisoned terrorists and their families.
VII. End Arab States’ Support for Terror
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map states that during May 2003, Arab states cut off public and private funding and all other forms of support for groups supporting and engaging in violence and terror.
What They Did During Week #62: There were no reports of any Arab states cutting off their support for Palestinian Arab terrorist groups.
VIII. Consolidate Security Forces
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map obligates the Palestinian Arabs to undertake consolidation of security authority, free of association with terror and corruption; and all Palestinian security organizations are consolidated into three services reporting to an empowered interior minister.
What They Did During Week #62: Five different PA security organizations, including Force 17 and the General Intelligence, remain under Arafat’s direct command. Military Intelligence, the National Security Forces, and the naval forces are also under Arafat’s control. Only the remaining two security agencies are under the Interior Minister.
IX. Institute Democratic Reforms
What They Are Required to Do: The Road Map requires the Palestinian Arabs to undertake a number of steps to transform their brutal, corrupt dictatorial regime into a full-fledged democracy, including action on a credible process to draft constitution for Palestinian statehood; the holding of free, open, and fair elections; and steps to achieve genuine separation of powers, including any necessary Palestinian legal reforms for this purpose.
What They Did During Week #62: No such steps were taken.